Home > Astronomy, Astrophysics, General Astronomy, IBEX (Interstellar Boundary Explorer), Spaceflight, Unmanned Spaceflight > New “Retention Model” Explains Enigmatic Ribbon At Edge Of Solar System

New “Retention Model” Explains Enigmatic Ribbon At Edge Of Solar System


Since its October 2008 launch, NASA’s Interstellar Boundary Explorer (IBEX) has provided images of the invisible interactions between our home in the galaxy and interstellar space. Particles emanating from this boundary produce a striking, narrow ribbon, which had yet to be explained despite more than a dozen possible theories. In a new “retention model,” researchers from the University of New Hampshire and Southwest Research Institute suggest that charged particles trapped in this region create the ribbon as they escape as neutral atoms.

The Sun continually sends out a solar wind of charged particles or ions traveling in all directions at supersonic speeds. IBEX cameras measure energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) that form when charged particles become neutralized.

As solar wind ENAs leave the solar system, the majority move out in various directions, never to re-enter. However, some ENAs leave the solar system and impact other neutral atoms, becoming charges particles again. These newly formed pickup ions begin to gyrate around the local interstellar magnetic field just outside the solar system. In the regions where the magnetic field is perpendicular to their initial motion, they scatter rapidly and pile up. From those regions, some of those particles return to the solar system as secondary ENAs — ENAs that leave the solar system and become charged and then re-neutralized, only to travel back into the solar system as ENAs a second time.

“The syrup you pour on a pancake piles up before slowly oozing out to the sides,” says Dr. David McComas, IBEX principal investigator and assistant vice president of the SwRI Space Science and Engineering Division. “The secondary ENAs coming into the solar system after having been temporarily trapped in a region just outside the solar system do the same thing. As they pile up and get trapped or retained, they produce higher fluxes of ENAs from this region and form the bright ribbon seen by IBEX.”

Full Story: http://www.swri.org/9what/releases/2013/ribbon.htm
Also: http://www.eos.sr.unh.edu/news/indiv_news.shtml?NEWS_ID=1370

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