Home > Astronomy, Astrophysics, Exobiology, Exoplanets, General Astronomy, Star & Solar System Formation, Stars > Universality Of Circular Polarization In Star- And Planet-Forming Regions: Implications For The Origin Of Homochirality Of Life

Universality Of Circular Polarization In Star- And Planet-Forming Regions: Implications For The Origin Of Homochirality Of Life


A research team with Jungmi KWON (GUAS/NAOJ) has performed deep imaging linear and circular polarimetry of the ‘Cat’s Paw Nebula’ (NGC 6334) located in the constellation Scorpius, successfully detecting high degrees of circular polarization (CP) of as much as 22% in NGC 6334. The detected CP degree is the highest ever observed.

In addition, the team has presented the first systematic survey of a combination of linear and circular polarimetry in nine star- and planet-forming regions. As the results of statistical analysis of observations of various star-forming regions, CPs were detected in nine star- and planet-forming regions. Putting it differently, it can be said that CP is a universal feature of star- and planet-forming regions. The team’s findings enable us to obtain information about magnetic fields of circumstellar structures around protostars, which is difficult to obtain using existing methods.

There is a hypothesis that large CP causes homochirality of amino acids and that left-handed amino acids come from outer space. The team’s findings imply an extraterrestrial origin of homochirality of life, from the universality of CP detected in star- and planet-forming regions.

This research is part of an ongoing survey project of wide-field near-infrared (JHKs) imaging polarimetry for star-forming regions (PI: Motohide TAMURA, University of Tokyo/NAOJ). Doctoral student Jungmi KWON, who is contributing to the project, led this research with nine international researchers from Japan and the United Kingdom. The team’s findings were published in the Astrophysical Journal Letter on March 1, 2013.

Full Story: http://esppro.mtk.nao.ac.jp/Members_PRESS/201304/index_E.html

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