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Huge Sunspots And Their Magnetic Structure Observed By “Hinode”

November 29, 2014 Leave a comment

Credit: Solar Flare Telescope of the Solar Observatory/NAOJ

Credit: Solar Flare Telescope of the Solar Observatory/NAOJ

In the latter half of October, huge sunspots were observed on the surface of the Sun. These sunspots appeared at the east limb of the Sun on Oct. 16, and moved to the west as the Sun rotated. They rotated out of view after Oct. 30. On Oct. 26, the total area of these sunspots became almost 66 times larger than the Earth’s cross section. This was the largest sunspot area in this solar cycle, and the largest observed in the last 24 years (since Nov. 18, 1990). In the middle of November, these sunspots appeared again at the east limb, as the Sun’s rotation brought them back into view.

Link To Full Story

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Forecasting Sunspots Breakthrough

August 26, 2011 Leave a comment

Imagine forecasting a hurricane in Miami weeks before the storm was even a swirl of clouds off the coast of Africa—or predicting a tornado in Kansas from the flutter of a butterfly’s wing in Texas. These are the kind of forecasts meteorologists can only dream about.

Could the dream come true? A new study by Stanford researchers suggests that such forecasts may one day be possible—not on Earth, but on the sun.

Full Story: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/sunearth/news/sunspot-breakthru.html

New Method Detects Emerging Sunspots Inside the Sun

August 19, 2011 Leave a comment

New Method Detects Emerging Sunspots Inside the Sun

A full disk image of the Sun showing the sunspot group in AR11158 after emergence, observed by SDO/HMI. Courtesy of NASA/SDO and the HMI science teams.

The first clear detection of emerging sunspot regions prior to any indication of the region in magnetograms was published in Science on 19 August 2011.

Sunspots, dark features in the solar photosphere with strong magnetic field, have been observed for more than 400 years. They are the most visible components of regions where solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs) occur, and these eruptive events may cause power outages and interruptions of telecommunication and navigation services on the Earth. Although it is widely believed that sunspot regions are generated in the deep solar interior, the detection of these regions before they emerge from the convection zone into the photosphere has remained undetected until now.

Full Story: http://hmi.stanford.edu/Press/18Aug2011/